Terminology

Words

Shihan

Master

Sensei

Instructor

Sempai

Higher Ranking Member

Dojo

Club or any place where you practice

Kyu

Grade

Dan

Degree

OSU

Hello, Goodbye, Yes, I understand

Counting

1

Ichi

2

Ni

3

San

4

Shi

5

Go

6

Roku

7

Shichi

8

Hachi

9

Ku

10

Ju

 Commands

Rei

Bow

Yoi

Stand in Ready Position (feet shoulder width apart, fists closed and hands slightly in front

Hajime

Begin or Start

Yame

Stop

Shizen-Tai

Natural Position

Musubi-Dachi

Natural Position (heels together, toes pointed outward, Hands at the side, ready for standing bow)

Levels of Attack

Jodan

Upper Level or Face Level
(Including neck and head)

Chudan

Middle level or stomach
Shoulder to Waist

Gedan

Lower Level - Below the waist

Stances (Dachi)

Zenkutsu-Dachi

Front Stance

Kiba - Dachi

Side Stance - Horse Riding Stance

Kokutsu - Dachi

Back Stance

Punching Techniques (Tsuki-Waza)

Choku-Zuki

Straight Punch

Gyaku - Zuki

Reverse Punch

Oi-Zuki

Lunge Punch

Kizami-Zuki

Jab Punch

Blocking Techniques (Uke -Waza)

Age-Uke

Upper Rising Block

Soto - Uke

Inward Stomach Block

Shuto-Uke

Knife Hand Block

Uchi-Uke

Outward Stomach Block

Gedan-Barai

Downward Block

Kicking Techniques (Keri-Waza)

Mae Geri-Keage

Front Snapping Kick

Yoko Geri-Keage

Side Snap Kick

Yoko Geri-Kekomi

Side Thrust Kick

Striking Techniques - Uchi - Waza

Empi-uchi

Elbow Strike

Uraken- Uchi

Back Fist Strike

 

 3 Main Elements of Karate

Kihon

Basic Movement

the Kihon is the basic movement when broken down into the Simplest form.  Just as children in school learn the basics of writing the letters of the alphabet before learning to write sentences. In Karate the student must learn the simplest movements before putting them into the sequence of a flow.

The basic form must be practiced regardless of level.

Kata

The kata is a unique exercise that encompasses the very essence of this martial art. A kata, or form, is by definition a predetermined set of movements that represents the motions of blocking, striking, punching, and kicking against imaginary opponents.

Kumite

Training with a Partner enhances the learning curve by making the Kihon and Kata hands on and practical.  When working with a partner distance and timing become part of the focus. 

More Japanese terms click here